Episode 3: Irregular Past Tense Verbs

Railroad History and Irregular Past-tense verbs…that’s what this episode of Ramping Up your English is all about.

Watching Episode 3

View Episode 3 here.

Episode 3, Segment 1

Episode 3, Segment 2

Episode 3, Segment 3


We used a video Clip on Early Railroads, including the Transcontinental Railroad, to practice regular and irregular past tense verbs to relate events from the past.

Additionally, we saw a brief presentation of a science experiment that demonstrated the energy that’s produced when water changed from a liquid to a gas using heat. We reviewed intermediate level sequencing words.

Language Objectives

Use regular and Irregular verbs to relate events from the past. Describe the function of objects.

Academic Content Objectives

Trace the history of Railroads in the United States through construction of the Transcontinental Railroad. Explain the impact of the TCR to the settlement of the West and to train travel in the United States.


Below are the debriefing notes on homework from Episode 2

Homework Example (What most intermediate-level learners should be able to do.

A stove cooks food.

A sink is where you get water and wash dishes.

Cabinets are where you can keep food until you are ready to eat it.

Ramped Up example (from slide 16)

A kitchen contains a number of features that facilitate preparing food.

A stove supplies heat for cooking, while a sink is a source of water for cooking and cleaning.

Cabinets supply storage space for food until it’s ready to be prepared.

Regular Verbs

Here are some regular past-tense verbs from Episode 3:

Regular verbs to past tense: Add “ed” or just a “d” for words ending in “e.”

The following are pronounced almost as if ending in “t.”

Bless = Blessed

Establish = Established

Flock = Flocked

These end in the clear sound of “d.”

Pull = Pulled

Control = Controlled (notice I doubled the “L” at the end of the word.)

Call + Called

Only this word in the list adds a syllable when ending in “ed.”

Invest = Invested

Irregular Verbs

Irregular Verbs from the video clip !RUE Early Rails

begin = began

build = built

make = made

set = set

have = had  (it, he, she: has = had)

are = were

begin = began

build = built

make = made

set = set

have = had  (it, he, she: has = had)

are = were

come = came

More Common Irregular Verbs

be = was or were           drink = drank

become = became         drive = drove

begin = began               eat = ate

bend = bent                  fall = fell

bite = bit                          find = found

bleed = bled                      fly = flew

blow = blew                       forget = forgot

break = broke                    get = got

bring = brought                  give = gave

build = built                      go = went

buy = bought                      grow = grew

catch = caught                     have = had

choose = chose                     hit = hit

cut = cut                                hold = held

dig = dug                                keep = kept

do = did                                 know = knew

leave = left                             lose = lost

make = made                         meet = met

pay = paid                              put = put

quit = quit                             read = read (pronounced “red”)

ride = rode                            run = ran

say = said                               sell = sold

sing = sang                             sit = sat

sleep = slept                           speak = spoke

speed = sped                           spend = spent

stand = stood                          swim = swam

take = took                              teach = taught

tell = told                                think = thought

throw = threw                        wear = wore

weep = wept                           win = won

write = wrote

For a more complete list of irregular verbs, I suggest visiting this site:


Videos Used in Episode 3

Below are the video clips I used in Episode 3.

Early Rails

Steam Experiment

No Ads on Archive

The video clips are now on Archive.org, a site that has no ads.

Click here for Early Rails

Click here for Steam Experiment

Intermediate level Sequence Words:





(We’ll introduce more advanced sequencing words in subsequent episodes)


Use 10 of the irregular verbs listed above to write simple sentences about events in the past. You can use events shown in this episode, or events in your own life – whichever is easier for you to do.

Speaking of subsequent episodes, click here to visit the Episode 4 page.