RUE Episode 40: Farm Animals

Get to know the names of farm animals by watching this episode of Ramping Up your English

Farm Animals
Seen on many farms, a pig or hog produced meat, which we call pork in English

Farm Animals Vocabulary is the the theme of Episode 40. We start with the children’s song “Old McDonald” performed by Jenn Uwin.  Later, we look at what it takes to care for farm animals.

Ramping Up your English is for Intermediate level English learners of all ages and from all language backgrounds.  Welcome to the program!

A calf licks its mom’s face. A baby cow is called a calf. A mother cow is called a heifer. A male cow that’s fully functional is called a bull. A male cow with reproductive parts removed is called a steer. If you can’t tell, just say cow. A group of them can be referred to as cattle.

The meat produced by cows is called beef.

Some cows also produce milk.

A female pig is called a sow. The babies are called piglets. A male pig is called a boar.

Watching Episode 40

Click on Episode 40 to see or download the entire episode.

We have this episode in segments.

Segment One

See Segment 2

Watch Segment 3

This female chicken is called a hen. The babies are called chicks. A male chicken is called a rooster. They are all examples of chickens.

Videos Used in This Episode

Kittens: Sorry to say that as of March of 2021, the video of kittens playing is no longer on You Tube.

Here’s a link to the puppies playing in the leaves.  Click here.

The County Fair

See the County Fair on without ads. Click here to watch or download the video.

Language Objectives

Identify common farm animals in English. Use verbs to list the things farmers need to do to care for Farm Animals.

Academic Content Objectives

Economics: List and describe the means of production on a farm with animals. Explain the work that’s necessary to raise animals for the functioning of a farm. Science: Describe the habitat needs of farm animals and how those needs are met when animals are domesticated.

We’re really stressing learning the vocabulary associated with farm animals, especially the name of the farm animals.  We’ll need that foundation of knowledge when we work with wild animals, which will be the majority of episodes in this unit.

This is an example of a sheep. A female sheep is called a ewe. A baby sheep is called a lamb, and a male sheep is called a ram. Sheep are raised mainly for their wool (fur).

Learning Vobabulary

A good way to learn the names of farm animals is to cut out pictures of them in old magazines and write the English name with the picture, then just look at the pictures and names frequently.  Then cover up the name and quiz yourself.

Another method – as demonstrated on the program – is to write the names of farm animals in your native language, and write the English name beside it.  When you see a farm animal, review that list until you don’t need it. Feel free to make flash cards and use them with games. Get a farm set, and sing “Old McDonald” as you set up the animals.

Sheep is an interesting word in English. It doesn’t change whether singular or plural. You could say that you see four sheep in this picture (NOT 4 sheeps). The word deer is the same.
Horses once supplied the power on farms to plow and otherwise prepare the ground for a crop. They seldom do that now, but they still provide transportation on some farms . Mostly, they’re raised for the pleasure of riding. The mother horse is called a mare, and the baby begins life as a foal and then is a colt. A male horse is a stallion. Some horses are raised to race.

In this episode, we demonstrated how to communicate the issues of running a farm.

Materials Used in This Episode

These are the materials we used visually in Episode 40

Food is perhaps the most recognized habitat need.
Water is a habitat need that must be met constantly. Animals can live without food for several days. Not so with water.
Space is another habitat need
Shelter is one of the habitat needs of animals. On the farm, shelter must be provided.
Farmers have a lot of work to do to provide the needs of animals.
On the farm, work never stops.
Farmers spend a lot of time managing products supplied by animals.
The general name for this animal is horse.
A mare and her colt enjoy a run in the snow.
These alpacas are indigenous to the Andean Highlands of South America.
A mother chicken is called a hen.
Here’s a hen with her chicks.
The chicks seek shelter under the wings of a hen. She protects them from the rain.
A male chicken is called a rooster.
An immature cow is called a calf.
A group of cows can be called cattle.
I see three cows. I see some cattle. Both are correct.
Cows sharing a moment
A female duck is called a hen. The babies are called ducklings.
Six ducklings line up to follow a hen.
A female goat is called a nanny.
A young goat is called a kid.
A pig is also called a hog.
A mother pig is a sow. The baby pigs are called piglets.
A female sheep is call a ewe.
Two are more sheep are still called sheep. I see four sheep in this picture.

Special Thanks

I want to acknowledge and thank Jenn U Win for her performance of “Old McDonald Had a Farm.”

Next Episode

Next Episode:  Click on  Episode 41 to see what an amazing organization is doing to care for neglected, abused, and unwanted animals.